Original Research: Historical Thought and Source Interpretation

Determining and explaining the components of the justice-oriented Islamic community based on the teachings of Nahj al-Balaghah

Sulieman Ibraheem Shelash Al-Hawary, Hamid Mukhlis, Ola Abdallah Mahdi, Susilo Surahman, Samar Adnan, Mohammed Abdulkreem Salim, A. Heri Iswanto
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 4 | a7835 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i4.7835 | © 2022 Sulieman Ibraheem Shelash Al-Hawary, Hamid Mukhlis, Ola Abdallah Mahdi, Susilo Surahman, Samar Adnan, Mohammed Abdulkreem Salim, A. Heri Iswanto | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 June 2022 | Published: 02 September 2022

About the author(s)

Sulieman Ibraheem Shelash Al-Hawary, Department of Business Administration, Business School, Al al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan
Hamid Mukhlis, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social and Business, Aisyah University of Pringsewu, Lampung, Indonesia
Ola Abdallah Mahdi, Faculty of Anesthesia Techniques, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iraq
Susilo Surahman, Faculty of Religion, Ministry of Religion, UIN Raden Mas Said Surakarta, Sukoharjo, Indonesia
Samar Adnan, Faculty of Law, Al-Nisour University College, Baghdad, Iraq
Mohammed Abdulkreem Salim, Faculty of Medical Science, Al-Manara College for Medical Sciences, Maysan, Iraq
A. Heri Iswanto, Faculty of Health Science, University of Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

As emphasised in Islamic sources, justice is one of the most important issues covered in the religion of Islam. In fact, justice is a central theme in Islam and has a special value in this regard. Conversation about justice and its nature, as well as its realisation in human communities, has been thus far a necessity in human life. Actually, the establishment and implementation of justice in all areas are crucial for the utopia. Given the importance of this subject, the present study aims to determine and explain the components of the justice-oriented Islamic community based on the teachings of Nahj al-Balaghah. Therefore, the components that introduce justice orientation in the Islamic community are extracted from the sermons, letters and wise sayings (viz. narrations) of Nahj al-Balaghah. Afterward, the extracted components are classified based on the similarity of the themes and concepts. In the end, five classifications are introduced, including distributive justice, procedural justice, interactional justice, social justice and fairness.

Contribution: Based on the determined indices, the model of justice-oriented Islamic community is developed. It is thus recommended to pay more attention to the realisation of a justice-oriented Islamic community by researchers and leaders. This is mainly because of the fact that the opposite of a justice-oriented community is one with injustice, where oppression and disrespect for the rights of others occur, divine blessings change, divine wrath and anger are provoked and destruction approaches.


Keywords

Islam; Islamic community; justice; distributive justice; procedural justice; interactional justice; social justice; fairness; Nahj al-Balaghah

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Crossref Citations

1. Perception of justice, citizens’ trust and participation in a democratic Islamic society
Bambang Saputra, Mohammed I. Alghamdi, Forqan Ali Hussein Al-Khafaji, Ammar Abdel Amir Al-Salami, Andrés Alexis Ramírez-Coronel, Iskandar Muda
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies  vol: 79  issue: 1  year: 2023  
doi: 10.4102/hts.v79i1.8274