Original Research: Historical Thought and Source Interpretation

Religious beliefs and work conscience of Muslim nurses in Iraq during the COVID-19 pandemic

Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy, Nawroz Ramadan Khalil, Kien Le, Ahmed B. Mahdi, Laylo Djuraeva
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 4 | a7566 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i4.7566 | © 2022 Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy, Nawroz Ramadan Khalil, Kien Le, Ahmed B. Mahdi, Laylo Djuraeva | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 March 2022 | Published: 08 July 2022

About the author(s)

Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy, Faculty of Finance, HCMC Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam- International University, HCMC Ho Chi Minh, Japan
Nawroz Ramadan Khalil, Department of English, Cihan University - Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Kien Le, Faculty of Social Science, Ho Chi Minh City Open University, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
Ahmed B. Mahdi, Department of Anesthesia Techniques, Faculty of Science, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iraq
Laylo Djuraeva, Faculty of History of Uzbek Music, Uzbekistan State Conservatory, Tashkent, Uzbekistan


Religious beliefs are defined as thinking, feeling and behaving in accordance with the beliefs and teachings of a religious system. In other words, religious beliefs are indicative of the role of religion in the individual and social life of people, as well as adherence to values and beliefs in daily life, performing religious practices and rituals and participating in activities of religious organisations. Religious beliefs are a set of dos and don’ts, and values are considered one of the most important psychological supports that can provide meaning in all moments of life and save a person from meaninglessness by providing explanatory support in specific situations. In addition, work conscience is defined as a feeling of inner commitment to comply with agreed-upon requirements for work. In other words, work conscience means heartfelt satisfaction and practical commitment to the tasks that a person is supposed to perform properly, in a way that there will be no negligence in performing the duty even if no supervisor oversees the activity. Given the significant role of nurses in hospitals, especially during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the religious beliefs of healthcare employees have become more important. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the effect of religious beliefs on the work conscience of 1800 Muslim nurses in Iraq during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2021. Standard questionnaires were applied to assess the respondents’ religious beliefs and work conscience. In addition, data analyses (Cronbach’s alpha, Pearson’s correlation, etc.) were performed in Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). According to the results, religious beliefs have a positive effect on nurses’ work conscience (p = 0.822).

Contribution: The findings of this study showed that the employees of an organisation, especially nurses and healthcare staff, can rely on their religious beliefs and benefit from their advantages in order to strengthen their work conscience during a hard time such as the COVID-19 pandemic.


religion; religious beliefs; Muslim nurses; work conscience


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