Original Research: HTS Historical Thought and Source Interpretation

Dialectical views on metaphysics in Islam: Thoughts of Ibn Rushd and theologians

Aminullah Elhady
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 4 | a7531 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i4.7531 | © 2022 Aminullah Elhady | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 March 2022 | Published: 10 June 2022

About the author(s)

Aminullah Elhady, Department of Islamic Studies, Graduate School, Universitas Islam Negeri Kiai Haji Achmad Siddiq, Jember, Indonesia


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Abstract

This paper discusses the dialectical thoughts of Ibn Rushd and theologians on divine metaphysics. The discussion is based on the study of criticisms and dialogues on the theologians’ view on metaphysics. Three important points emerge: firstly, how Ibn Rushd presented the basis of his critical arguments; secondly, the process of Ibn Rushd’s methods of criticism on the theologians’ metaphysical reasons and lastly, the content of Ibn Rushd’s criticisms of the theologians’ metaphysical reason. This paper provides a detailed description of the themes as accurate and comprehensive ways to provide a basis of Ibn Rushd’s criticism.

Contribution: This study contributes to encouraging and changing the views of scholars of Islamic theology that Ibn Rushd, apart from being a philosopher, is also a critical thinker in the field of Islamic theology.


Keywords

metaphysics; theology; philosophy; criticism; dialectics

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