Original Research

Lewensbeskoulike aspekte in die openbare standpunte van twee presidente

Piet Strauss
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 73, No 3 | a3580 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v73i3.3580 | © 2017 Piet Strauss | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 June 2016 | Published: 21 February 2017

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Piet Strauss, Department of Church History and Polity, Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, South Africa

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The last two presidents of the Zuid-Afrikaansche (South African) Republic (1852–1902) and the Republic of the Orange Free State (1852–1902), S.J.P. Kruger and M.T. Steyn, both stood in the tradition of the Christian Afrikaner. Kruger as the symbol of Afrikaner republicanism in the 19th century and Steyn as a younger and more modern Afrikaner, tried to base their policies openly and clearly on Biblical and Christian principles. Kruger as a member and recognised minister of the Reformed Churches in South Africa formulated his views in a typical Dutch neo-Calvinistic way, while Steyn used Reformed concepts combined with his academic background in jurisprudence and the law of nations to foster the same ideas. Kruger and Steyn trusted one another, agreed on core issues and worked together rather well. Each strived to maintain the independence of his republic.


Worldview; voting rights; international law; The right of independent states


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