Original Research

A Sitz for the Gospel of Mark? A critical reaction to Bauckham's theory on the universality of the Gospels1

Ernest van Eck
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 56, No 4 | a1802 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v56i4.1802 | © 2000 Ernest van Eck | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 December 2000 | Published: 14 December 2000

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Ernest van Eck, Research associate: Department of New Testament, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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Abstract

A Sitz for the Gospel of Mark? A critical reaction to Bauck-ham,s theory on the universality of the Gospels. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the article by Richard Bauckham, in which he challenges the current consensus in New Testament scholarship that the gospels were written for and addressed to specific believing communities. The thesis that Bauckham puts forward is that the gospels were written with the intention of being circulated as widely as possible - it was written for every Christian community of the late first century where the gospels might circulate. First, a Wirkungsgeschichte of Mark's gospel in terms of the possible localities of origin and the possible theological intentions for writing the Gospel, that is, of the results of the current consensus in New Testament scholarship, is given. Bauckham's theory is then put on the table and evaluated.

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