Original Research

The origin, development and a brief appraisal of the doctrine of the baptism in the Holy Spirit in Christ Apostolic Church, Nigeria

George O. Folarin
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 69, No 1 | a1333 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v69i1.1333 | © 2013 George O. Folarin | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 September 2012 | Published: 12 March 2013

About the author(s)

George O. Folarin, Department of Religious Studies, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria


This article traces the development of the Christ Apostolic Church’s (CAC) doctrine of the baptism in the Holy Spirit, its current official stance and the church ministers’ interpretations of the doctrine. To gather data for this work, focus-group discussions were held with groups of CAC ministers in 1992 and 2012. Data gathered were analysed. Selected leaders of CAC were interviewed, and the data from the two sources were compared, interpreted and discussed in terms of related literature. A theological appraisal concluded the work. The findings are that, whilst CAC tenets appear to conform to the Classical Pentecostal model, the opinions of the church’s ministers are divided along Pentecostal and Evangelical lines. The official view of the CAC is that the baptism in the Holy Spirit is distinct from the initial work of salvation and that the visible signs of receiving this baptism are multiple, but there are significant disagreements amongst the church ministers to this. The appraisal reveals that the tenet of the church needs to be reworked to conform to the teaching of the Scripture.


Pentecostal; Baptism of the Holy Spirit; Speaking in tongues; Salvation


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1. Theology and practice of Christ Apostolic Church on Bible inspiration and its authority in the context of Evangelical theology
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