Original Research

Spirituality in Pentecostalism in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: A missiological reflection on constitutive elements

Mayuka G. Bondo
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 80, No 1 | a9752 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v80i1.9752 | © 2024 Mayuka Gaspard Bondo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 February 2024 | Published: 22 May 2024

About the author(s)

Mayuka G. Bondo, Department of Missiology, Faculty of Theology, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa


This article analysed the constituent elements of Pentecostal spirituality from a missiological perspective. It specifically examined the current elements of spirituality in Pentecostalism in the Democratic Republic of Congo and assessed their consequences for doctrine and church growth. To achieve this goal, the study uses the analytical method. It argued that the fundamental components of Pentecostal spirituality are the supernatural encounter with God, the practice of charismatic gifts and missionary passion. These elements interact and overlap, making Pentecostal theology distinctive. The first Pentecostals saw themselves as the prototype of a restored community in this sense. The gestures, including dances, applause and other practices, are a way of expressing faith and demonstrating that the charismatic phenomena experienced are a result of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, confirming his empowerment. This also confirms that, like the branches of the vine, the Church is the Body of Christ.

Contribution: This article focusses on the present constitutive elements of spirituality in Pentecostalism in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It urges Christians to pursue the divine initiative, which is the action of the Holy Spirit in the churches. Understanding the constitutive elements of spirituality will restore the basic characteristics of the early church in present Pentecostalism.


spirituality; Pentecostalism; constitutive elements; indigenisation, charismatic phenomena; anointing sealing; rituals gestures; Democratic Republic of the Congo


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