Original Research - Special Collection: MRCC Centenary Celebration

The inception of missions in Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika, and the concomitant origins of the Maranatha Reformed Church of Christ 100 years ago

Zuze J. Banda
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 80, No 2 | a9360 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v80i2.9360 | © 2024 Zuze J. Banda | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 August 2023 | Published: 31 May 2024

About the author(s)

Zuze J. Banda, Department of Christian Spirituality, Church History and Missiology, College of Human Sciences, University of South Africa, Tshwane, South Africa


In 2023, the Maranatha Reformed Church of Christ (MRCC), originally called De Zulu Hervormde Zendingskerk, celebrated the centenary of its existence in an intricate missional relationship with the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika (NHKA). This is a significant milestone. Over a period of 100 years, many churches have emerged, many have disappeared, many have merged and many have transformed, while many have persevered through challenges of all sorts. This article seeks to respond to a few questions: What were the circumstances that led to the existence of this church? Who were the key role players? What were the terms and conditions under which the new church was born? In seeking to respond to these and other probing questions, the author will primarily depend on archival research with primary sources as the main pool from which data collection is done. Using qualitative analytical tools, the author hopes to make an appraisal of this inception stage. In concluding, the author will attempt to juxtapose the current church against the church 100 years ago and evaluate whether initial objectives were met or whether over this time there were any deviations.

Contribution: To chronicle the emergence of mission work in the NHKA by which the inception of the MRCC came to existence in 1923. The article further investigates the prospects and challenges these beginnings had to face, and subsequently to evaluate this centenary history in retrospect.


objections to mission; mission policy; Zulu Hervormde Zendingskerk; Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika; Nederduitsch Hervormde Sendinggenootskap; Rev. AR Smit; Rev. Andrew Mlaba; HCM Fourie; recognition and protection; racial segregation; Maranatha Re

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities


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