Original Research

Islam-based spiritual orientations and quality of work life among Muslims

Sulieman Ibraheem Shelash Al-Hawary, Satya Subrahmanyam, Iskandar Muda, Tribhuwan Kumar, Andrés Alexis Ramírez-Coronel, Ammar Abdel Amir Al-Salami
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 79, No 1 | a8194 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v79i1.8194 | © 2023 Spiritual orientations; Islam; spiritual practices; quality of work life; municipality employees. | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 07 October 2022 | Published: 27 February 2023

About the author(s)

Sulieman Ibraheem Shelash Al-Hawary, Department of Business Administration, Al al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan
Satya Subrahmanyam, Department of Business, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, Kaslik, Lebanon
Iskandar Muda, Faculty of Economic and Business, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Tribhuwan Kumar, Department of English Language and Literature, College of Science and Humanities, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Sulail, Saudi Arabia
Andrés Alexis Ramírez-Coronel, Azogues Campus Nursing Career, Health and Behavior Research Group (HBR), Psychometry and Ethology Laboratory, Catholic University of Cuenca; and Epidemiology and Biostatistics Research Group, CES University, Colombia, Ecuador
Ammar Abdel Amir Al-Salami, Department of Qur’anic Studies, College of Islamic Science, The Islamic University, Najaf, Iraq

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Individuals’ beliefs, as well as their spiritual orientations (SOs), can affect the quality of their work life cycle. Given that a large portion of people’s lives are spent in organisations, it is crucial to consider the factors affecting quality of work life (QWL) among employees. Against this background, the present study investigated the effects of the Islam-based SOs on the QWL in Muslim employees working for Iraqi municipalities in 2022. For this purpose, an applied research design was adopted, using field studies of the correlational type for data collection. In total, 1345 staff of Iraqi municipalities were selected by simple random sampling in 2022, and two standardised questionnaires were utilised to collect the data. The content validity method was further recruited to determine the validity of the questionnaires, and the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used to measure the reliability. To analyse the data, descriptive tests, including frequency, mean and standard deviation (SD), along with inferential statistics, namely one-sample t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and independent-samples t-test, were implemented using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software package. The correlation coefficients accordingly showed a rising trend in the QWL among these employees following the growth in their SOs. Moreover, there was a significant relationship between the components of SOs, namely spiritual beliefs, sense of spirituality, spiritual self-actualisation and spiritual practices, and the QWL of the Muslim employees.

Contribution: This study revealed that the increase in the Islam-based SOs and its components led to an increase in the QWL of Iraqi Muslim employees.


Spiritual orientations; Islam; spiritual practices; quality of work life; municipality employees.

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 8: Decent work and economic growth


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