Original Research

Pakikipagkapwa-tao as a mode of inter-religious dialogue in the contemporary Philippines during the COVID-19 pandemic

Fides del Castillo
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 79, No 1 | a8015 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v79i1.8015 | © 2023 Fides del Castillo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 August 2022 | Published: 25 January 2023

About the author(s)

Fides del Castillo, Department of Theology and Religious Education, De La Salle University, Malate, Manila, Philippines; and, Laguna College, De La Salle University – Laguna Campus, Binan, Laguna, Philippines

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The study brought to the fore the issue of acute hunger and food insecurity in Philippine society during the COVID-19 pandemic. It utilised Filipino culture and the Catholic Church’s fidei depositum as a framework to unravel the forms of inter-religious dialogue in the country. The study was qualitative research that used a case study as it analysed inter-religious dialogue, particularly the dialogue of life and action among Filipinos during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. In the Philippine context, dialogue takes the form of a shared life and common action. Also, the Filipino ideal of pakikipagkapwa-tao [having positive and sincere relations with one’s brethren] promotes positive inter-religious relations and social cohesion. The author argued that although religion compelled many believers to help the needy, it is pakikipagkapwa-tao that undergirds the care and concern of many Filipinos to those who are suffering. Pakikipagkapwa-tao enabled cordial cooperation between religious institutions and individuals, which promoted the physical well-being of the poor.

Contribution: This study contributed to a deeper understanding of interfaith dialogue and relations in the contemporary Philippines.


Fellowship; COVID-19 pandemic; solidarity; neighbours; food insecurity.

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions


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