Original Research

Worshippers smoking in mosques: Violation of fatwas of ulemas and governor regulation

Watni Marpaung, Muhammad A. Adly, Rustam Rustam, Akmaluddin Syahputra, Putra A. Siregar, Syahrial Arif Hutagalung, Muhammad S.A. Nasution, Fitri Hayati, Rahmad Efendi, Dhiauddin Tanjung
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 1 | a7975 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i1.7975 | © 2022 Watni Marpaung, Muhammad A. Adly, Rustam Rustam, Akmaluddin Syahputra, Putra A. Siregar, Syahrial Arif Hutagalung, Muhammad S.A. Nasution, Fitri Hayati, Rahmad Efendi, Dhiauddin Tanjung | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 29 July 2022 | Published: 20 December 2022

About the author(s)

Watni Marpaung, Faculty of Shariah and Law, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Muhammad A. Adly, Faculty of Shariah and Law, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Rustam Rustam, Faculty of Education, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Akmaluddin Syahputra, Faculty of Shariah and Law, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Putra A. Siregar, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Syahrial Arif Hutagalung, Faculty of Shariah and Law, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Muhammad S.A. Nasution, Faculty of Shariah and Law, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Fitri Hayati, Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Rahmad Efendi, Faculty of Shariah and Law, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Dhiauddin Tanjung, Department of Ushuluddin, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Islamic Studies, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

Abstract

The Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) has issued an illegitimate fatwa against smoking in mosques because it endangers the health of worshippers and interferes with the comfort of worshippers. This study aims to investigate smoking behaviour in mosques and violations of fatwas from ulama and governor regulations. This study follows a cross-sectional design conducted by interviewing 531 Muslims who have prayed in the mosque for the last 14 days and observed the compliance of the mosque in implementing a smoke-free policy in 315 mosques. Frequency distribution and cross-tabulation were carried out using JASP 16 software using cross-tabulation. The results of this study indicate that the implementation of the smoke-free policy for mosques in Medan has been violated many times (57.8%), especially the violation regarding smoking in mosques (32.1%); cigarette butts were still found in the yard of the mosque (44.1%). Violations of the policy of fatwa smoke-free areas occurred in public mosques (61%) and muhammadiyah mosques (46.5%). Smoking behaviour in mosques was seen in the last 2 weeks, namely smoking behaviour carried out by worshippers (57.6%), smoking behaviour carried out by mosque administrators (39.2%), smoking behaviour carried out by community leaders in mosques (19.4%) and smoking behaviour that ulemas carried out in mosques (14.3%). Worshippers must comply with the rules against smoking in mosques because it can endanger the health of other worshippers. Cigarette smoke in the mosque will make other worshippers uncomfortable to worship so that it can damage the solemnity of the congregation to worship in the mosque.

Contribution: This study is expected to explain smoking behaviour in mosques, violations of smoking behaviour in mosques that violate the ulama’s fatwa regarding smoking behaviour in mosques and the governor’s regulation on smoking behaviour in mosques.


Keywords

Fatwa; Mosque; Mosque Worshippers; Smoking; Ulemas

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being

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