Original Research

The role of religious commitment in Islamic teachings in social responsibility of Iraqi Muslims

Rohmad Rohmad, Saad Ghazi Talib, Nur Aisyah, Dhameer A. Mutlak, Ngakan Ketut Acwin Dwijendra, Ali Thaeer Hammid
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 1 | a7836 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i1.7836 | © 2022 Rohmad Rohmad, Saad Ghazi Talib, Nur Aisyah, Dhameer A. Mutlak, Ngakan Ketut Acwin Dwijendra, Ali Thaeer Hammid | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 June 2022 | Published: 09 September 2022

About the author(s)

Rohmad Rohmad, Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Ilmu Keguruan, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Prof. K.H. Saifuddin Zuhri Purwokerto, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
Saad Ghazi Talib, Faculty of Law, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Nur Aisyah, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Medan Area, Medan, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
Dhameer A. Mutlak, Department of Radiology Techniques, Faculty of Nuclear Physics, Al-Nisour University College, Baghdad, Iraq
Ngakan Ketut Acwin Dwijendra, Faculty of Engineering, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia
Ali Thaeer Hammid, Department of Computer Engineering Techniques, Faculty of Information Technology, Imam Ja’afar Al-Sadiq University, Baghdad, Iraq


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Abstract

Considering the changing face of today’s business environment and the importance of corporate social performance evaluation along with adherence to religious teachings, studies on how social organisations affect societies, mainly Islamic ones, have received much attention in recent years. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) here represents the wide variety of activities, volunteered by business owners and investors as the effective members of societies. In fact, it refers to the duties and responsibilities undertaken by organisations in order to maintain and help their affiliated societies. Adherence to religious components has been further introduced as one of the factors shaping the mode in which people interact in the workplace and social groups. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the role of religious commitment in social responsibility in Iraq as an Islamic nation. For this purpose, a total of 2500 Muslim employees, working in 75 service organisations (i.e. finance, accounting, insurance and education), were selected as the statistical population in 2022. The data were also collected by standardised questionnaires and then analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) and Linear Structural Relations (LISREL) software packages. The study results demonstrated that employees’ religious commitment could play a significant positive role in enhancing social responsibility in the organisations concerned (p = 0.28, t = 2.95).

Contribution: The study results revealed that managers can take advantage of the positive outcomes of religious commitment in their affiliated organisations by strengthening its components in employees. The positive effects of bolstering religious commitment and social responsibility can thus attract more investors outside organisations and consequently meet employee satisfaction, which deserves greater emphasis in all societies, particularly Islamic ones.


Keywords

religion; Islam; commitment; religious commitment; social organisation; corporate social responsibility

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