Original Research

The nose and altered states of consciousness: Tascodrugites and Ezekiel

John J. Pilch
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 58, No 2 | a777 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v58i2.777 | © 2002 John J. Pilch | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 December 2002 | Published: 17 December 2002

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John J. Pilch, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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The Church Father Epiphanius' description of the Tascodrugite practice of placing the forefinger on the nostril during prayer call be plausibly interpreted as a strategy for inducing an altered state of consciousness (ASC). Anthropological and neurophysiological research on how this human gesture achieves such an effect which is a pan-human potential suggests a similar plausible interpretation for Ezekiel 8:17 and the experience of Jesus in the Garden on the night of his arrest (Luke 22:43-44).


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