Original Research: Historical Thought and Source Interpretation

Trajectory of Islamic psychology in Southeast Asia: Problems and prospects

Septi Gumiandari, Subandi Subandi, Abd. Madjid, Ilman Nafi'a, Safii Safii, Fatah Syukur, Wanda Listiani
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 4 | a7548 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i4.7548 | © 2022 Septi Gumiandari, Subandi Subandi, Abd. Madjid, Ilman Nafi’a, Safii Safii, Fatah Syukur, Wanda Listiani | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 20 March 2022 | Published: 07 September 2022

About the author(s)

Septi Gumiandari, Department of Islamic Educational Psychology, Postgraduate Program of Islamic Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia; Department of Islamic Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Syekh Nurjati, Cirebon, Indonesia
Subandi Subandi, Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gajah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Abd. Madjid, Department of Islamic Educational Psychology, Postgraduate Program of Islamic Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Ilman Nafi'a, Department of Islamic Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Syekh Nurjati, Cirebon, Indonesia
Safii Safii, Department of Islamic Theology and Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Humaniora, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo, Semarang, Indonesia
Fatah Syukur, Department of Islamic Education Management, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo, Semarang, Indonesia
Wanda Listiani, Design, Institut Seni Budaya Indonesia Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia


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Abstract

This study aims to answer the following research question: what are the problems and prospects of the development of Islamic psychology studies in Southeast Asia? This study used descriptive qualitative research and employs data triangulation during data collection. Documentation study, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were used to obtain the data. Data were analysed using patterns of data collection, data reduction, data presentation and conclusion drawing. It can be concluded that Islamic psychology presents many problems and prospects for those who are concerned about the development of Islamic science. The finding strengthens the perspective that there are three problems of developmental studies of Islamic psychology in Southeast Asia: (1) the discussion on the issue still focuses on theoretical integration and philosophical levels rather than on applicative ones; (2) methodological problems; and (3) polarisation of the capacity of Muslim psychologists. Apart from the problems, the development of Islamic psychology studies has good prospects. This indication can be seen from the following transformations: (1) from the formulation phase towards the research phase, (2) from comparative study patterns towards developing concepts of psychology based on Islam and (3) from a normative-cognitive approach towards the substantive-Sufistic approach.

Contribution: Through this study, it is hoped that strategic attempts will be made by Muslim psychologists to collaborate and develop networks on designing more targeted studies in solving the various problems that arise around the integration of psychology and Islam at the ontological, epistemological or axiological levels.


Keywords

Islamic psychology; Southeast Asia; normative-cognitive approach; Sufistic approach; polarisation

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