Original Research: Historical Thought and Source Interpretation

Mitigating radicalism amongst Islamic college students in Indonesia through religious nationalism

Ilman Nafi'a, Septi Gumiandari, Mohammad Andi Hakim, Safii Safii, Rokhmadi Rokhmadi
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 4 | a7547 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i4.7547 | © 2022 Ilman Nafi’a, Septi Gumiandari, Mohammad Andi Hakim, Safii Safii, Rokhmadi Rokhmadi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 20 March 2022 | Published: 08 July 2022

About the author(s)

Ilman Nafi'a, Department of Islamic Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Syekh Nurjati, Cirebon, Indonesia
Septi Gumiandari, Department of Islamic Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Syekh Nurjati, Cirebon, Indonesia
Mohammad Andi Hakim, Department of Islamic Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Syekh Nurjati, Cirebon, Indonesia
Safii Safii, Department of Islamic Theology, Faculty of Ushuluddin, UIN Walisongo, Semarang, Indonesia
Rokhmadi Rokhmadi, Department of Islamic Criminal Law, Faculty of Sharia and Law, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo, Semarang, Indonesia

Abstract

Radicalism has the potential to become more widespread in a younger generation of Muslims who are too textual, exclusive, extreme and uncritical. Their ethos of struggle has created a momentum to contest radical ideologies of Islamic radicals. This study investigates the potential for the radicalisation of Islamic students in Indonesia and formulates an approach of integrating national and religious values to mitigate the potential for radicalism. A qualitative research approach is used, and data were collected by distributing questionnaires to Indonesian Islamic student activists. Interviews were also conducted with experts to strengthen secondary sources of information. The results show that the potential for Islamic student to be exposed to radical activists is high. Through categorisation, interpretation and analysis, it was found that the concepts and spread of radicalism were more influenced by religious interpretations than social tolerance factors. In addition, the religious nationalist approach is formulated based on religious terminology and religious narratives.

Contribution: This research contributes by assisting colleges’ efforts in building a detection system and mitigating the risk of student radicalism through a religious nationalist approach.


Keywords

religious nationalism; radicalism; integration; student; Islamic colleges

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