Original Research

Nagid: A re-examination in the light of the royal ideology in the ancient near east

Jeong Bong Kim, D. J. Human
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 64, No 3 | a75 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v64i3.75 | © 2008 Jeong Bong Kim, D. J. Human | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 January 2008 | Published: 04 March 2008

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Jeong Bong Kim, University of Pretoria, South Africa
D. J. Human, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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This article argues that nagid indicates divinely sanctioned leader of Israel in 1 Samuel 9:1-10:16 and 11:1-11. The use of nagid is intricately interplayed with that of melek in the context of 1 Samuel 8-12. In the Saul tradition (1 Sm 9:1-10:16; 11:1-11) nagid signifies the leadership of Saul as a divinely sanctioned kingship, unlike in the context of the Deuteronomistic History (DH). The royal ideology of the ancient Near East (ANE) provides an ideological background of the kingship of Saul.


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