Original Research

The need for social theology to strengthen the social functions of Islamic banking in Indonesia

Wahyudin Darmalaksana
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 1 | a7342 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i1.7342 | © 2022 Wahyudin Darmalaksana | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 January 2022 | Published: 06 May 2022

About the author(s)

Wahyudin Darmalaksana, Department of Hadith Science, Faculty of Ushuluddin, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia


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Abstract

This study is based on the objective conditions of Islamic banking in Indonesia, which have not carried out their social functions optimally. Based on reports from the financial services authority, Indonesia bank and several related research, the efforts to optimise the social function of Islamic banking still encounters several problems related to the distribution of banking funds that are more focused on business interests, lack of real business run by Islamic banks, customer funds that are mostly deposited in Indonesia bank and have not been distributed to the real sector effectively, to banking activities by referring to the capitalistic economic paradigm and not fully referring to sharia guidelines. The results of the study of documents, literature and actual phenomena using descriptive and holistic analysis methods indicate that the degradation of the social function of Islamic banking appears as a result of a lack of understanding of the concept of Islamic economics based on the construction of Islamic social theology. The lack of understanding of banking management towards Islamic social theology has created a gap between the practical and conceptual sides of Islamic social theology, which in turn has an impact on the lack of social commitment from related parties in the implementation of Islamic banking activities. Strengthening the practical side of Islamic social theology is a necessity to overcome the existing problems.

Contribution: The article contributes to the discourse on the application of Islamic social theology to Islamic banking practices. It aims to contribute to theological thought in Islam in order to strengthen the social function of Islamic banking, by focusing on the main objective of Islamic economics: al-falah or the achievement of spiritual and material prosperity.


Keywords

falah; Islamic banking; Islamic laws; justice; prosperity; Sharia; social function

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