Original Research: HTS Historical Thought and Source Interpretation

Analysing the relationship between ethical leadership and the voice of Malaysian Muslim employees

Zulham Zulham, Qurratul Aini, Nasir Mehmood, Sandhir Sharma, A. Heri Iswanto, Ismail Suardi Wekke, Anna Gustina Zainal, Elena Pavlovna Panova, Natalia Fedorova
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 4 | a7340 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i4.7340 | © 2022 Zulham Zulham, Qurratul Aini, Nasir Mehmood, Sandhir Sharma, A. Heri Iswanto, Ismail Suardi Wekke, Anna Gustina Zainal, Elena Pavlovna Panova, Natalia Fedorova | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 January 2022 | Published: 07 June 2022

About the author(s)

Zulham Zulham, Faculty of Sharia and Law, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Qurratul Aini, Post Graduate Program, Master of Hospital Administration, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Nasir Mehmood, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Wah, Wah Cantt., Pakistan
Sandhir Sharma, Chitkara Business School, Chitkara University, Punjab, India
A. Heri Iswanto, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Science, University of Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
Ismail Suardi Wekke, Department of Education, Graduate Program, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sorong, Sorong, Indonesia; The Jusuf Kalla Research Center for Bugis Makassar Cultural Studies, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Indonesia
Anna Gustina Zainal, Department of Communication, University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia
Elena Pavlovna Panova, Department of Humanitarian Disciplines, Moscow Polytechnic University, Moscow, Russian Federation
Natalia Fedorova, Department of Linguistics and Foreign Languages, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation


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Abstract

Ethical behaviour, in its simplest terms, means knowing and doing what is right. Nevertheless, the main difficulty is how to define the word ‘right’. For this purpose, various individuals, cultures and religions have thus far portrayed it in different ways. The present study reflected on the Islamic society, wherein ethical leadership has been one of the most effective factors in its continuation of life and success, with a vital role in its growth, development and progress. Accordingly, the relationship between ethical leadership and the voice of Muslim employees in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in 2021, as the statistical population (n = 2500) was analysed. For this purpose, a standard questionnaire was used to collect the necessary data, whose validity was confirmed by the construct validity in the Linear Structural Relations (LISREL) software and its reliability was checked via the Cronbach’s alpha in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Besides, path analysis was utilised to test the research hypothesis. Confirmatory factor analysis was correspondingly implemented to examine the data. Ultimately, the study results revealed a significant positive relationship between ethical leadership and the voice of Malaysian Muslim employees (p = 0.80; t = 5.02).

Contribution: Based on the literature review and the results of this study, ethical leadership can motivate Muslim citizens to participate in decision-making processes and even allows them to express their creative ideas in organisations and society.


Keywords

ethical leadership; Islam; Muslim; religion; voice of Muslim citizens

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