Original Research - Special Collection: Theology and Nature

From spiritual ecology to balanced spiritual ecosystems

Silvio S.S. Scatolini
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 2 | a7202 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i2.7202 | © 2022 Silvio S.S. Scatolini | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 22 October 2021 | Published: 10 March 2022

About the author(s)

Silvio S.S. Scatolini, Department of English Language and Literature, Rustaq College of Education, University of Technology and Applied Sciences (UTAS), Rustaq, Oman; and, Department of Systematic and Historical Theology, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa


This article suggests developing the concept of spiritual ecology into that of balanced spiritual ecosystems. Philosophies, theologies, education systems, political parties, and gender-based and ethnic identity politics need to be critiqued both from within and without so that they can finally contribute to the creation, maintenance and flourishing of balanced spiritual ecosystems.

Contribution: Spiritual ecology is a concept on which converge different worldviews. This article recommends using balanced spiritual ecosystems, instead. The new concept could provoke further reflection on how our (theo)-ontologies and communities co-exist and whether they do it organically and spiritually. This article befits HTS’s interest in ‘theology and nature’.


Anthropocene; ecology; ethics; future; post-humanism; religion; spirituality; spiritual ecosystems


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HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies  vol: 79  issue: 2  year: 2023  
doi: 10.4102/hts.v79i2.8864