Original Research

Religious freedom and Riddah through the Maqāṣidī interpretation of Ibn ‘Āshūr

Lalu Supriadi B. Mujib, Khairul Hamim
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 77, No 4 | a6928 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i4.6928 | © 2021 Lalu Supriadi B. Mujib, Khairul Hamim | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 June 2021 | Published: 12 November 2021

About the author(s)

Lalu Supriadi B. Mujib, Department of Islamic Family Law, Postgraduate Program, Mataram State Islamic University, Mataram, Indonesia
Khairul Hamim, Department of Islamic Family Law, Faculty of Sharia, Mataram State Islamic University, Mataram, Indonesia


The concept of riddah (apostasy) in Islam is a controversial issue, especially when it comes to religious freedom. Therefore, this article aims to analyse the application of the Maqāṣidi (Higher Objectives of Islamic Law) interpretation of Ibn ‘Āshūr in interpreting the verse on religious freedom in relation to riddah. According to Ibn ‘Āshūr, the main objectives in revealing the Qur’an are based on three things, namely ṣalāh al-aḥwāl al-fardiyyah (individual betterment), ṣalāh al-aḥwāl al-jamā’iyyah (collective good) and ṣalāh al-aḥwāl al-‘Umrāniyyah (the good of civilisation). Salāh al-aḥwāl al-fardiyyah provides meaning to the fulfilment of individual rights, such as the freedom of choice in belief or religion. Thus, in Ibn ‘Āshūr’s view, religion, which is considered something personal, is used to determine communal good and inevitably influences the goodness of human civilisation in the world. Based on the Maqāṣidi Interpretation of Ibn ‘Āshūr, this article argues that the death penalty for riddah needs to be reinterpreted for theological, historical and political reasons. Furthermore, its imposition is contrary to the dimension of ḥifẓ al-nafs (guarding the soul) and ḥifẓ al-dīn (maintaining religion).

Contribution: This article provides insight into the contribution of Ibn ‘Āshūr through the Maqāṣidi interpretation in viewing the issue of religious freedom in relation to riddah. It contributes theoretically to become a conceptual framework to respond to the issue of riddah.


religious freedom; riddah; Maqāṣidī interpretation; Maqāṣid Sharī’a; human rights


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