Original Research - Special Collection: Faith Seeking Understanding

Studying the role of spirituality in quality of work life amongst Muslim employees in Indonesia

Dedy A. Kurniady, Mulyanto Widodo, Tonton T. Rachman, Muthahharah Thahir, Jaja Jahari, Aan Komariah
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 77, No 1 | a6667 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i1.6667 | © 2021 Dedy A. Kurniady, Mulyanto Widodo, Tonton T. Rachman, Muthahharah Thahir, Jaja Jahari, Aan Komariah | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 March 2021 | Published: 12 November 2021

About the author(s)

Dedy A. Kurniady, Department of Educational Administration, Faculty of Science Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia
Mulyanto Widodo, Department of Indonesian Language, Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Universitas Lampung, Lampung, Indonesia
Tonton T. Rachman, Department of e-Business, Faculty of Computer Science, Universitas Ma’soem, Bandung, Indonesia
Muthahharah Thahir, Department of e-Business, Faculty of Computer Science, Universitas Ma’soem, Bandung, Indonesia
Jaja Jahari, Department of e-Business, Faculty of Computer Science, Universitas Ma’soem, Bandung, Indonesia
Aan Komariah, Department of Educational Administration, Faculty of Science Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia; Dean’s Office, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

The Abrahamic religions, which have been propagated and promoted by the divine prophets, aimed to guide human beings to worldly and heavenly happiness. Islamic spirituality is achieved by observing religious rules. As people spend much of their lives at the workplaces, it is imperative to address spirituality at the workplace and its effect on the quality of work life in the field of religion psychology and industrial psychology. Therefore, this study determined the role of spirituality in the quality of work life of 10 000 employees of 80 government organisations in Jakarta, Makassar, Medan and Burger in Indonesia, by simple random sampling. The participants were analysed through questionnaires. Given the religious conditions governing Indonesia, an acceptable level of spirituality was confirmed in the studied organisations. Furthermore, path analysis tests in Linear Structural Relationship (LISREL) software verified a positive and significant relationship between spirituality and quality of work life (p = 0.71; T = 12.64). Organisations are slowly transforming from a small environment of purely economic and social activity into places of spiritual growth. Moreover, organisations that provide opportunities for the spiritual development of their employees have been shown to be more successful than the others. The quality of work life of employees is also relevant as the most valuable asset of the organisation. Consequently, the results of this study should be considered by managers of organisations to enjoy the positive outcomes of spirituality and quality of work life.

Contribution: This article contributes to the relationship between spirituality and quality of work life.


Keywords

happiness; religion; spirituality; quality of work life; industrial psychology; Muslim employees; Indonesia; organisational change

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