Original Research

A study of the role of Islamic spirituality in happiness of Muslim citizens

Amiruddin Amiruddin, Muhammad Qorib, Zailani Zailani
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 77, No 4 | a6655 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i4.6655 | © 2021 Amiruddin Amiruddin, Muhammad Qorib, Zailani Zailani | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 March 2021 | Published: 19 November 2021

About the author(s)

Amiruddin Amiruddin, Islamic Religion Education, Universitas Muhamamdiyah Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Muhammad Qorib, Islamic Religion Education, Universitas Muhamamdiyah Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Zailani Zailani, Islamic Religion Education, Universitas Muhamamdiyah Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia


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Abstract

Recreation and joy are considered as the basic needs of humans. When the human body and soul get tired, they yearn refreshment through various means. Since the primary goal of Islam is true perfection of humans and achieving higher meaning and purpose in life, the happiness emphasised in this school of thought must be such that it does not conflict with the goal of creation and the ultimate perfection of humans. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the role of Islamic spirituality in the happiness of 5000 citizens of Volga Federal District in Russia. The statistical population of the study was selected by simple random sampling method and the collected data was analysed by Structural Equation Modelling method in the LISREL software. The results indicated the positive role of Islamic spirituality in determining the happiness among citizens (Path Coefficient: 0.821; T value: 24.83). Hence, human beings should look for happiness in life through circumstances that can control the critical factors and create the ground for happiness and self-esteem, which is nothing but religion, religious actions and behaviours, and spirituality. Therefore, in order to experience greater happiness and to be immune to anxiety and depression, one should follow the religion and Islamic spirituality, and achieve a greater sense of happiness by remembering God and performing religious actions and behaviours.

Contribution: This article contributes to the relationship between happiness, human body and religious beliefs.


Keywords

Islam; religion; spirituality; Islamic spirituality; happiness; Russia

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