Original Research - Special Collection: Faith Seeking Understanding

The relationship between religion and psychological resilience against COVID-19

Lubov K. Ilyashenko, Tatyana N. Ivanova, Leisan N. Khasimova
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 77, No 1 | a6486 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i1.6486 | © 2021 Lubov K. Ilyashenko, Tatyana N. Ivanova, Leisan N. Khasimova | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 January 2021 | Published: 27 October 2021

About the author(s)

Lubov K. Ilyashenko, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Industrial University of Tyumen, Surgut, Russian Federation
Tatyana N. Ivanova, Sociology Department, Togliatti State University, Togliatti, Russian Federation
Leisan N. Khasimova, Legal Department, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation; Dean’s Office, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) not only will have negative impacts on religious beliefs, but will also deepen them. Attention to Islamic teachings is significantly important in dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic. Nevertheless, the increased outbreak of COVID-19 in the world shows the need for humanity to pay more attention to religion and theology. Islam prevents diseases and motivates people to adhere to hygiene principles, and Islamic teachings bring about purity and health to people. However, paying attention to God, chanting prayers and focusing on spirituality are key principles in the prevention and treatment of diseases as this material cause is the divine will. Everyone is under the power of the Almighty, and everything is in his hands. Nevertheless, human beings may pass away because of COVID-19 even after passing all these stages. This is, however, related to divine destiny and is beyond the aim of this research study. One of the issues that relate religion to COVID-19 is psychological resilience, which is the topic of this study. This research study aimed at evaluating the role of religion and religiosity in the psychological resilience of 550 Muslim citizens from three cities of Aceh, Semarang and Jakarta, who had recovered from COVID-19. We applied the convenience sampling method to determine the sample size. After the distribution of questionnaires, 536 tools were considered suitable, and data analysis was performed using mean and correlation tests. According to the results, religiosity affected psychological resilience by p = 0.784.

Contribution: The results of this study revealed that with increasing attention of people to religious teachings, the psychological resilience to the COVID-19 also increases.


Keywords

religion; religiosity; religious beliefs; Islam; psychological resilience; Indonesia; COVID-19

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