Original Research - Special Indonesian Collection: Philosophy and Theology

The concept of time management based on Ephesians 5:15–17 and relevance to contemporary Christian leaders

Tonny Andrian, David Ming, G.P. Harianto, Muner Daliman
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 77, No 3 | a6425 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i3.6425 | © 2021 Tonny Andrian, David Ming, G.P. Harianto, Muner Daliman | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 December 2020 | Published: 15 July 2021

About the author(s)

Tonny Andrian, Faculty of Theology, Kharisma Seminary, Bandung, Indonesia
David Ming, Faculty of Theology, Kadesi Seminary, Bogor, Indonesia
G.P. Harianto, Faculty of Theology, Excelsius Seminar, Surabaya, Indonesia
Muner Daliman, Faculty of Theology, Kadesi Seminary, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Generally, it is common knowledge that humans have the same time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 31 days a month, 365 days per year, but most of them do not know how to manage time and manage it to be something useful and effectively. That is because many people do not have the discipline in filling time. Those days are filled with things that are not directed, even worse is that filling the time of his or her life with things that damage life. Even though wasting time is not unwise because it is a waste of the opportunity God has given and the time that has passed will not return, meaning that if the opportunity is not used, then the opportunity will be lost. How important is to redeem the time, especially for contemporary Christian leaders because all must be accountable to God. This study uses a research library. Library research is a literature study that is carried out by using relevant and available reading sources related to the topics discussed in the research. Books or journal articles related to the topics discussed are used as sources of reading to better understand time management and its application at the personal and organisational levels. From the various reading sources used, the writer develops this scientific article, including giving comments or critical comments that are conveyed in various parts of the writing, especially in the conclusions.

Contribution: Time management is one of the basic skills needed to be successful in life, especially for contemporary Christian leaders. The findings of various studies based on Ephesians 5:15–17 indicated that time management enabled organisations or churches to learn to survive in the face of competition and resulted in success as Christian leaders.


concepts; time management; relevance; Christian leaders; Ephesians 5:15–17


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