Original Research

Islamic sharia reform of Ahmadiyah sect in Indonesia

Moh Dahlan
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 77, No 4 | a6396 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i4.6396 | © 2021 Moh Dahlan | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 22 November 2020 | Published: 18 June 2021

About the author(s)

Moh Dahlan, Department of Aqeedah and Islamic Philosophy, Post Graduate Program, State Institute of Islamic Studies, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN), Bengkulu, Indonesia


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Abstract

Problems with the decline of Muslims have made the Ahmadiyah sect aware of the need to reform Islamic sharia. The purpose of the study was to reveal the problem of Islamic sharia reform in the Ahmadiyah sect. This study used scientific theory of Jurgen Habermas and content analysis techniques. This study indicated that the Ahmadiyah sect has difficulty in reforming Islamic sharia because it sought to develop Islamic religious sciences that can be embraced and used by majority of Muslims in Indonesia, but used the textual ijtihād paradigm. Even though, in the paradigm of social life (ḥifẓ al-nafs), the Ahmadiyah sect has succeeded in eliminating Muslims from setbacks and backwardness and building a life of peace and harmony in the social life diversity in Indonesia, but in the paradigm of religious life (ḥifẓ al-dīn), the Ahmadiyah sect was still a matter of contention in the Islamic world and Indonesia.

Contribution: This study proposed that the Islamic sharia reform of the Ahmadiyah sect should be based on the critical ijtihād paradigm that attempted to explain and view the Islamic sharia norms in a discursive manner and could be accepted by all those who want to use them whilst also depending on the principles of Islamic sharia.


Keywords

reform; Islam; sharia; ijtihād; Ahmadiyah

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