Original Research

Ibn Rushd’s response to Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali’s philosophical thoughts on cosmology

Taufiqurrahman Taufiqurrahman, Radea Y.A. Hambali
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 77, No 4 | a6362 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i4.6362 | © 2021 Taufiqurrahman Taufiqurrahman, R. Yuli Ahmad Hambali | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 20 October 2020 | Published: 21 April 2021

About the author(s)

Taufiqurrahman Taufiqurrahman, Department of Aqidah dan Filsafat Islam, Faculty of Ushuluddin, UIN Imam Bonjol Padang, Padang, Indonesia
Radea Y.A. Hambali, Department of Aqidah dan Filsafat Islam, Faculty of Ushuluddin, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia


This study is based on the many cosmological problems in Islam as aspects of thought that receive serious attention. In fact, there are also many polemics of thought that occur amongst Muslim scholars, which can be divided into two main groups: traditionalists and rationalists. The traditionalists, represented by Al-Ghazali and the Ash’ariyah theologians, put forward their cosmological thinking on the principle of God’s absolute will, while the rationalists, especially those represented by Avicenna (Ibn Sina), proposed their cosmological thinking based on the theory of emanation from Plotinus in terms of its creation and the concept of a geocentric Ptolameus in terms of its structure. In this conflict of thought between the two groups, Averroes (Ibn Rushd) proposed a cosmological thought different from the two. This study seeks to elaborate on the thought of Ibn Rushd’s cosmology which is different from that of Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali.

Contribution: This research provides a clear understanding of the cosmological thoughts put forward by earlier Muslim thinkers. In particular, it wants to bridge the differences regarding the concept of cosmology as put forward by Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali and how Ibn Rushd bridges the two.


cosmology; emanation; philosophy; rationalists; traditionalists.


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Crossref Citations

1. Dialectical views on metaphysics in Islam: Thoughts of Ibn Rushd and theologians
Aminullah Elhady
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies  vol: 78  issue: 4  year: 2022  
doi: 10.4102/hts.v78i4.7531