Original Research

Hated without a reason (injustice personalised): A case study

Graham A. Duncan
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 77, No 4 | a6348 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i4.6348 | © 2021 Graham A. Duncan | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 October 2020 | Published: 18 June 2021

About the author(s)

Graham A. Duncan, Department of Church History, Christian Spirituality and Missiology, College of Human Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa

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This is the second part of an investigation of the subject of injustice relating to the issue of human sexuality in a mainstream South African Christian denomination. The first paper, entitled ‘Hated without a reason I – Contending with issues of human sexuality in a South African ecclesial context: A case study of the Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa’, sought to trace the development of the issue from 1999 to 2016. This article considers the issue from the standpoint of an individual. Within the Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa (UPCSA), views have polarised along lines determined by views on the authority of scripture and biblical hermeneutics, with little hope for a resolution that will satisfy all the parties concerned despite proposals being made because of a ‘failure of love’.

Contribution: This article seeks to extend the discussion on human sexuality in the South African church scene.


Committee on Human Sexuality; fundamentalism; homosexuality; justice; Prof. Hansie Wolmarans; Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa


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