Original Research

The theology of non-violenct Islamic education based on Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya

Bambang Qomaruzzaman
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 77, No 4 | a6268 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i4.6268 | © 2021 Bambang Qomaruzzaman | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 July 2020 | Published: 28 May 2021

About the author(s)

Bambang Qomaruzzaman, Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Ushuluddin (Islamic Theology), Islamic State University (UIN) Sunan Gunung Djati, Bandung, Indonesia


Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya is often used as a reference to violence in Islam, mainly because war narration is so dominantly displayed. The tendency of using Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya as the basis of violence conception in Islam drives Islamic teaching practices to become violence-oriented. This article presents a re-reading of Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya by Wakhiduddin Khan, Tariq Ramadan and Satha-Anand, with a mimetic anthropology framework. The reading on Al-Sira resulted in three conclusions. Firstly, there are many non-violence stories at all stages in the life of Prophet Muhammad, since the pre-prophetic era until his death. Secondly, the Prophet Muhammad was a teacher who based his activities on the principles of tawhîd, patience, love, forgiveness and appreciation for humanity. Thirdly, educational activities are Muhammad’s exemplary activities which are full of non-violent values. The findings of this article can be used as the basis for the reformulation of Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya teaching materials in Islamic Education as well as the basis of teaching activities for Islamic teachers.

Contribution: This article contributes to a paradigm shift in teaching the History of the Prophet Muhammad in a peaceful Islamic education system. The peaceful paradigm in this article can also divert the tendency of Islamic extremism to become an Islam that provides peace and prosperity to the universe (rahmatan lil ‘alamin).


theology of non-violence; Islamic education; Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya; theology; education; history.


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