Original Research

Ramadan and strengthening of the social capital of Indonesian Muslim communities

Nurus Shalihin, Firdaus Firdaus, Yulia Yulia, Ujang Wardi Uje
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 76, No 3 | a6241 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v76i3.6241 | © 2020 Nurus Shalihin, Firdaus Firdaus, Yulia Yulia, Ujang Wardi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 July 2020 | Published: 21 December 2020

About the author(s)

Nurus Shalihin, Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Religious Studies, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Imam Bonjol Padang, Padang, Indonesia
Firdaus Firdaus, Department of Sociology Education, STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat, Padang, Indonesia
Yulia Yulia, Department of Math Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Imam Bonjol Padang, Padang, Indonesia
Ujang Wardi Uje, Lasigo Akademia Indonesia, Padang, Indonesia


This study aims to examine the relationship between Ramadan and social capital, that is, social solidarity and philanthropy, in Muslim communities in Indonesia. The data waere collected through a questionnaire that was distributed to 600 respondents in six districts or cities in two provinces. Respondents were randomly selected at the village level. The results showed that social solidarity during Ramadan was high (3.32) with values of the spirit of togetherness (3.37), collective consciousness (3.32) and cooperation (3.28). In addition, philanthropy was included in a high category (3.27) with different values of alms (3.49), infaq (3.23) and waqf (3.10). Therefore, it can be concluded that Ramadan contributes positively to the social solidarity of Muslim communities in Indonesia. The result can be used to develop a model of social solidarity in overcoming the problem of disintegration. Furthermore, it improves Muslim philanthropy for social welfare and to overcome the problem of poverty.

Contribution: This article contributes to the sustainable development goal of poverty alleviation. It focuses on a multidisplinary religious perspective from textual and hermeneutical studies within the paradigm of Qur’an studies.


Ramadan; Indonesian Muslim; philanthropy; social capital; social solidarity


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