Original Research - Special Indonesian Collection: Philosophy and Theology

Theology of Jiḥād based on the ḥadīth: Ṣaḥīh Bukhāri’s perspective

Wajidi Sayadi, Elmansyah Elmansyah, Zaenuddin H. Prasojo, Ahmad Muaffaq
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 76, No 4 | a6061 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v76i4.6061 | © 2020 Wajidi Sayadi, Elmansyah, Zaenuddin H. Prasojo, Ahmad Muaffaq | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 April 2020 | Published: 24 November 2020

About the author(s)

Wajidi Sayadi, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Pontianak, Pontianak, Indonesia
Elmansyah Elmansyah, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Pontianak, Pontianak, Indonesia
Zaenuddin H. Prasojo, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Pontianak, Pontianak, Indonesia
Ahmad Muaffaq, Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam (STAIN) Majene, Majene, Indonesia


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Abstract

Some people think that various acts of terrorism are always related to Islam as it is a doctrine which is identical to war with all its derivative forms. It will appear to be incompatible if we trace the example of the Prophet Muhammad SAW, written in Ṣahīh Bukhāri’s ḥadīths. This research aimed to uncover the meaning of Jiḥād in Islam as stated in the ḥadīths of the Prophet Muhammad in the book Ṣahīh Bukhāri, the work of the distinguished ḥadīth scholar named Muhammad bin Ismail bin Ibrahim bin al-Mugirah al-Bukhāri (Imam Bukhāri). This interpretation is expected to be a guide for Muslims in the Jiḥād itself, and it could provide accurate information for researchers about Islam, making it possible for scientists to change the stigmatic perspective of terrorism related to Islam. The researchers used a descriptive method by discussing the philosophical meaning of Matan (content) of ḥadīth contained in the book Ṣahīh Bukhāri about Jiḥād. It was concluded in this research that the term Jiḥād does not mean war. It means the effort in the path of Allah, doing Jiḥād against lust, serving the parents, reconciling the parties in conflict, keeping of the promise, supporting old widows, supporting neglected children and the poor, doing hajj Mabrur, and so forth. Jiḥād could also be defined in the context of social welfare, such as in education and economics, which support the framework of bringing about prosperity on earth.

Contribution: The number of terrorism cases in the name of Jiḥād lately is very detrimental to Muslims. Because of a lack of understanding of Jiḥād’s meaning, it is a broad sense apart from the war against infidels. This article calls on the importance of understanding Jiḥād, both for Muslims themselves and for people other than Islam. This article provides theological reasons for Jiḥād that can contribute to making peace in the world.


Keywords

Jiḥād; Moderation; War; Ḥadīth; Shahīd

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