Original Research

The Vorlage of Psalm 45:6-7 (44:7-8) in Hebrews 1:8-9

Gert J. Steyn
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 60, No 3 | a601 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v60i3.601 | © 2004 Gert J. Steyn | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 22 October 2004 | Published: 17 December 2004

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Gert J. Steyn, Openjournals Publishing, South Africa

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Abstract

The origin and text form of Psalm 45:6-7 (44:7-8) in Hebrews 1:8-9 are investigated. On a tradition-historical level it is established that Psalm 45:1-2b was quoted in 4Q171 in early Judaism, but in early Christianity, prior to Hebrews, no evidence of quoting Psalm 45 has been found. Messianic connections might have prompted the author to use it. On a text-critical level, new manuscript evidence is assessed and variant readings are discussed. It is concluded that the author himself made minor changes to his text without following another Vorlage. Insofar as Jesus is being called “God” by God himself, Psalm 45 confirmed to the author of Hebrews the divinity of Jesus. The royal imagery, righteous rule and eternal throne are christologically applied.

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