Original Research - Special Collection: Christian Leadership

Oscar Romero (1917–1980): A model of pastoral leadership for church leaders in Africa

Valentine U. Iheanacho
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 76, No 2 | a5849 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v76i2.5849 | © 2020 Valentine U. Iheanacho | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 October 2019 | Published: 26 March 2020

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Valentine U. Iheanacho, Department of Historical and Constructive Theology, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa

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Until 1977, Monsignor Romero was a traditional Catholic bishop trained in traditional Roman theology with a penchant for order and non-involvement in ‘politics’. He was also a product of the 1968 Medellin Conference which fashioned a pastoral model for the Latin American church: ‘A fundamental option for the poor’ on the thrust of the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965). This article seeks to present Oscar Romero within a historical context and proposes him as a servant–leader model for African church leaders, especially Catholic bishops.


Pastor; Prophet; Shepherd; Social Justice; Peace; Liberation; Repression; Oppression


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