Original Research - Special Collection: Gender Justice and Health and Human Development

Female leadership, parental non-involvement, teenage pregnancy and poverty impact on underperformance of learners in the further education and training

Cheryl Potgieter, Nelisiwe Zuma
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 75, No 4 | a5826 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v75i4.5826 | © 2019 Cheryl Potgieter, Nelisiwe Zuma | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 September 2019 | Published: 05 December 2019

About the author(s)

Cheryl Potgieter, Head of Research Focus Area Gender Justice, Health and Human Development in the office of the DVC Research, Innovation and Engagement, Faculty of Arts and Design, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa
Nelisiwe Zuma, Department of Education, Faculty of Arts and Design, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa

Share this article

Bookmark and Share


A number of studies have explored the underperformance of learners. However, there is a paucity of research in South Africa, which focuses primarily on how school leadership, commonly referred to as school management teams (SMTs), accounts for the underperformance of learners and thus the underperformance of schools. To fill this gap, the current study, undertaken in two schools in a district in KwaZulu-Natal province, aimed to explore through a qualitative approach the opinions of SMTs regarding underperformance in the further education and training (FET) phase. School management teams were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide and in-depth face-to-face interviews. The interview guideline had a set of broad flexibly worded questions that allowed for in-depth discussion. Data were analysed using a thematic data analysis method. The school management team accounted for, and linked underperformance to a range of reasons. In this article, we present findings which emerged in relation to leadership weaknesses, particularly female leadership weaknesses, socio-economic challenges such as child-headed households and its consequences, teenage pregnancy, violence experienced by female learners, health of learners and educators and poverty. Systemic and structural societal challenges were flagged in the interviews as also impacting on the overall cognitive and psycho social development of learners. School management teams addressed the challenges by implementing a number of interventions that they reported were not successful. There is no simple answer to address the problem and we argue for a social compact which is inclusive of all stakeholders and suggest that intervening at the local level may not have a nation-wide impact but it would have an impact on a particular school. Sensitivity training, which includes gender sensitivity training, and leadership training and support is suggested as part of the interventions. Certain best practices could then be shared with other schools which face similar challenges.


underperformance of learners; school management teams; further education and training; gender and education; teenage pregnancy; poverty and underperformance; parental non-involvement; KZN schools


Total abstract views: 1305
Total article views: 1423


Crossref Citations

1. Case study of the out of school Teenage Mothers lived experiences and perceptions on education in Rusororo sector, Rwanda: A back to school framework
Gatsinzi Patrick
Educational Research and Reviews  vol: 17  issue: 3  first page: 120  year: 2022  
doi: 10.5897/ERR2021.4186