Original Research

New religions as the postsecular epiphenomenon of globalisation in the contemporary Ukrainian society

Irina Grabovska, Tetiana Talko, Tetiana Vlasova
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 76, No 1 | a5711 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v76i1.5711 | © 2020 Irina Grabovska, Tetiana Talko, Tetiana Vlasova | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 07 August 2019 | Published: 24 February 2020

About the author(s)

Irina Grabovska, Ukrainian Studies Centre, Shevchenko National University of Kiev, Kyiv, Ukraine
Tetiana Talko, Department of Philosophy, Oles Honchar National University of Dnipro, Dnipro, Ukraine
Tetiana Vlasova, Department of Philosophy and Sociology, Dnipro National University of Railway Transport, Dnipro, Ukraine


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Abstract

The tendencies of postsecularism in the social life of today’s Ukraine are especially significant in their influence on the quasi-religious context of religious worships practiced in the country. These factors erode the modernity basis of the society, and Ukraine appears in the contradictory situation of its intention to complete the modernisation process and oppose the antiglobalistic isolationism. The neo-Protestant teachings and practices are obviouly connected with the principles of liberalism and consumerism. Neo-Oriental and new syncretic religions show that they produce significant influence on spreading globalistic views in the Ukrainian society. The marginality characteristics of new religions prove the idea that their values are a challenge to the essentialistic dichotomies of the Ukrainian traditional churches. The sociocultural and political context of globalisation and postmodernism includes religious transformations axiomatically, and the impact of both on the late capitalism stage is evident in different contexts. The culture of postmodernism makes this process complicated in the countries which are still between modernity and postmodernity. The processes of ‘label change’ are important with the stress on the substitution of the rationalistic foundation by quasi-scientific teachings. The conclusions demonstrate that the very incompleteness of the modernity has led to the expansion of the quasi-religious techniques in the social and cultural life of Ukraine. The erosion of the modernity values results in spreading new religions, which became vivid at the end of the last century. As globalisation promotes syncretic and neo-Oriental religions, antiglobalistic movements are supported by neo-pagan techniques and practices.

Keywords

new religions; neo-Oriental cults; syncretic worships; neo-pagan techniques.

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1. GENDER TEMPORALITY AS MEASUREMENT OF SOCIAL CONFLICTS: UKRAINIAN CONTEXT
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