Original Research

I believe in God: Content analysis of the first article of the Christian faith based on a literature review

Jonathan A. Rúa Penagos, Iván D. Toro Jaramillo
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 76, No 1 | a5470 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v76i1.5470 | © 2020 Jonathan A. Rúa Penagos, Iván D. Toro Jaramillo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 20 March 2019 | Published: 16 January 2020

About the author(s)

Jonathan A. Rúa Penagos, Department of Theology, Philosophy and Humanities, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellín, Colombia
Iván D. Toro Jaramillo, Department of Theology, Philosophy and Humanities, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellín, Colombia


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Abstract

Today, there are different understandings of the first article on the content of the Christian faith, for which an analysis from a theological perspective is necessary. This research sought to reveal the meaning of the first article on the content of the Christian faith in recent theological works that have been produced, through the use of a hermeneutic exercise, conducting a bibliometric and categorical analysis and using NVivo software to analyse the qualitative data. We concluded that the recent theological literature addresses the meaning of the first article of the Christian faith based on the existence, concept and definition of God and his attributes, as well as his power, behaviour, creation, revelation and reign. Although there is little extant material compared to other topics or areas of knowledge that can be explored using these tools, this fact is explained because, normally, theologians are not interested in publishing in high-impact journals. The way of approaching God in contemporary literature can be enriched by taking into account specific contexts, such as poverty, discrimination, suffering, violence, human trafficking, immigration and political realities, in such a way that it is not only a metaphysical reflection of God but also a historical and immanent and even an interreligious research that broadens the concept of the Christian God and answers questions that contemporary society asks in daily life.

Keywords

God; dogmatic theology; Latin American theology; Creed; Christianity

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