Original Research

The impact of theological foundations of restorative justice for the human rights protections of North Korean stateless women as victims of human trafficking

I Sil Yoon
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 75, No 1 | a5438 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v75i1.5438 | © 2019 I Sil Yoon | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 February 2019 | Published: 05 November 2019

About the author(s)

I Sil Yoon, Religious Studies, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, United States

Share this article

Bookmark and Share


Restorative justice, with its most prominent characteristic being rebuilding social relationships among victims, perpetrators and the community that was damaged by a crime, has been proposed as an alternative to the traditional retributive justice model to treat criminal acts. Both secular and religious groundings exist for restorative justice, and religious theorists have developed theological groundings for restorative justice based on scripture and other sources. In this article, I will explore how a theologically grounded restorative justice model, focusing on Christopher Marshall’s theological exposition of restorative justice, can contribute to the thought and action of Christians and the larger public in the face of the moral injury caused by human trafficking. I will address how this model can also contribute to social structural change. In my analysis, I will employ a case study of North Korean stateless women who reside in China and who are victims of human trafficking.


human trafficking; human rights; North Korean women in China; restorative justice; Christopher Marshall


Total abstract views: 1134
Total article views: 1519


Crossref Citations

1. Perpetrator-Centric Strategies for Addressing Modern Slavery
Matthew C Clarke
Journal of Human Rights Practice  vol: 13  issue: 2  first page: 407  year: 2022  
doi: 10.1093/jhuman/huab036