Original Research - Special Collection: OEH: The Online Educated Human

The triangle of effective education implemented for Theology

Erna Oliver
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 75, No 1 | a5234 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v75i1.5234 | © 2019 Erna Oliver | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 03 September 2018 | Published: 27 February 2019

About the author(s)

Erna Oliver, Department of Christian Spirituality, Church History and Missiology, University of South Africa, South Africa


Higher education in general, and more specifically in the South African environment, is under pressure to transform. Although learning is often seen as the main focal point, the education process consists of three equally important pillars that form the triangle of effective education that fits within the intersection of the spheres of the community of inquiry framework. The basic pillars expand to student-centred teaching, blended learning and transformative assessment. This study is a short explanation of how these three pillars form a basic framework for effective theological training. This is a qualitative study, using a philosophical and analytical research design and illuminative evaluation as research method. This is a model for effective higher education in Theology. The triangle of effective education is formed by student-centred teaching, blended learning and transformative assessment. The model fits into the intersection of the spheres identified by the community of inquiry framework of Garrison, Anderson and Archer.


Higher education; student-centred teaching; blended learning; transformative assessment; Theology education; Distance education; South Africa


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