Original Research

Die opstanding in die Jodedom, die Grieks-Romeinse wêreld en die Nuwe Testament

Ernest van Eck
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 60, No 1/2 | a500 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v60i1/2.500 | © 2004 Ernest van Eck | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 October 2004 | Published: 20 October 2004

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Ernest van Eck, Universiteit van Pretoria, South Africa

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Resurrection in Judaism, the Greek-Roman world and the New Testament

The article shows that in the Jewish and Greco-Roman worlds’ belief in the afterlife underwent a progressive development. It focuses on a “belief” in no life after death in pre-exilic Judaism, which developed into the belief that the dead did not cease to exist in the afterlife. This view again developed into a belief that the dead still lived, but only as a shadow of the living existence. In post-exilic Judaism the belief in a general eschatological resurrection was held, a conviction that was the result of the understanding of martyrdom in especially the Maccabean period. In the Greco-Roman world the conviction initially was that there was no life after death (Homer), and later a belief in the immortality of the soul (Plato) set in. The mystery cults also upheld a belief in the resurrection of the dead. Interpreted from a Jewish perspective on afterlife in the New Testament, the resurrection of Jesus was seen as an individual resurrection before the general eschatological resurrection that inaugurates “the age to come”.


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