Original Research - Special Collection: SPIRASA Spirituality 2018

Are we wired for spirituality? An investigation into the claims of neurotheology

Demetrios Kyriacou
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 74, No 3 | a4973 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v74i3.4973 | © 2018 Demetrios (Jimmy) Kyriacou | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 March 2018 | Published: 31 July 2018

About the author(s)

Demetrios Kyriacou, Department of Philosophy, St Augustines College, South Africa; Department of Historical and Constructive Theology, University of the Free State, South Africa


This article is an investigation into the field of neurotheology, a controversial field which has attracted criticism from both the scientific and religious community and which is often quite divided among its own practitioners. Regretfully, but not too unexpectedly, science has gotten entangled with ideology, as we shall see, with proponents on all sides of the spectrum using findings from the laboratory in support of their own philosophical positions. We will begin by exploring some definitions of the field and then move on to examine the claims made by the different scientists working in this area, before examining what conclusions we can draw for spirituality.


Spirituality; Neurotheology; Theology; Neuroscience


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