Original Research

Matthew’s and Paul’s inclusive tendencies: A comparison

In-Cheol Shin, Andries G. van Aarde
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 61, No 4 | a488 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v61i4.488 | © 2005 In-Cheol Shin, Andries G. van Aarde | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 October 2005 | Published: 13 October 2005

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In-Cheol Shin, Univerisity of Pretoria, South Africa
Andries G. van Aarde, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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Abstract

This article compares the inclusive tendencies of Matthew and Paul by evaluating the inclusive structure of their respective communities. The article mainly investigates two issues: Matthew’s and Paul’s practice of the Law and their perspectives on the Gentiles. The community that strictly keeps the Law is a more exclusive community. The Law is used to reject unclean and lower class people from the Israelite community. Secondly, Matthew’s perspective on the Gentiles and that of Paul are investigated to determine tendencies of inclusivity in their respective thinking. It is observed that the Law-free Gentile community is more inclusive than the Law-observant Gentile community. The approach adopted by this article is one of cross-cultural interpretation.

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