Original Research - Special Collection: UP Faculty of Theology Centenary Volume One

The Matthean community within a Jewish religious society

Francois Viljoen
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 72, No 4 | a3418 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v72i4.3418 | © 2016 Francois Viljoen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 29 March 2016 | Published: 30 September 2016

About the author(s)

Francois Viljoen, Faculty of Theology, Potchefstroom Campus, North-West University, South Africa


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Abstract

It is argued that the Matthean Gospel partially reflects the unstable political and religious situation in which this document originated. Broad outlines are postulated of this probable religious situation. This article presents an investigation of the developments within the broader Jewish society during the time of the New Testament. This implies the investigation of developments within Judaism, which entails some fragmentation of Judaism and a development towards Formative Judaism. The ‘Jesus movement’ (church) and eventually the Matthean community evolved among these developments.

Keywords

Judaism; Fragmentation of Judaism; Formative Judaism; Church and synagogue; Matthean society

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