Original Research - Special Collection: Old Testament and New Testament Studies

Die verhouding tussen Kolossense en Efesiërs as ’n sinoptiese probleem

Barry van Wyk
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 71, No 3 | a3067 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3067 | © 2015 Barry van Wyk | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 02 June 2015 | Published: 30 September 2015

About the author(s)

Barry van Wyk, Reformed Theological College, Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria, South Africa


The relationship between Colossians and Ephesians as a synoptic problem. Research by different scholars concluded that some letters traditionally ascribed to Paul were probably not written by him and drew a distinction between Pauline and Deutero-Pauline letters. The majority of scholars nowadays are of the opinion that the letters to the Colossians and the Ephesians are Deutero-Pauline and that Ephesians, at least, was surely not written by Paul. The results of research on the synoptic problem can be used and applied to the two letters under discussion because a comparison shows that there are striking similarities between the two. The most recent research shows that Ephesians made use of the letter to the Colossians but not without redactional changes to suit the author’s literary purpose. This method is exegetically known as redaction-criticism, linked to the social-science viewpoint that the author of the letter to the Ephesians acted as a change agent on behalf of a change agency.


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