Original Research

Canonical understanding of the sacrifice of Isaac: The influence of the Jewish tradition

Abraham Oh
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 72, No 3 | a3000 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v72i3.3000 | © 2016 Abraham Oh | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 April 2015 | Published: 08 July 2016

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Abraham Oh, Chongshin University and Seminary, Korea, Republic of


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Abstract

The Aqedah in Jewish tradition is an alleged theology for the sacrifice of Isaac which has an atoning concept and has influenced the atonement theology of the New Testament (NT), but it has not been proved by the NT. The purpose of this article is to investigate all verses in the NT that are alleged to refer to Abraham’s offering of Isaac. The reflections of Genesis 22 in the NT verses do not grant atoning power to the sacrifice of Isaac. Abraham’s portrait suggests Christ as the Beloved Son, but the vicarious death of Jesus on the Cross is unrelated to Isaac in Genesis 22. Isaac is the type of Christ only in the preparation of death. Jesus as the Tamid lamb (not as the Paschal lamb) refers to Genesis 22 without granting expiation of sin by Isaac. The resurrection motif as well as the promise-fulfilment scheme referring to Genesis 22 also does not validate the Aqedah. Thus, the NT does not assume the Aqedah.

Keywords: Aqedah; sacrifice of Isaac; Genesis 22; canonical interpretation; typology; OT-NT relation, Jewish tradition, Jewish influence on the NT

 


Keywords

Aqedah; sacrifice of Isaac; Genesis 22; canonical interpretation; typology; OT-NT relation, Jewish tradition, Jewish influence on the NT

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