Original Research - Special Collection: Old and New Testament Studies

‘Cut in two’, Part 2: Reconsidering the redaction of Q 12:42−46

Llewellyn Howes
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 71, No 1 | a2938 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i1.2938 | © 2015 Llewellyn Howes | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 March 2015 | Published: 24 June 2015

About the author(s)

Llewellyn Howes, Department of Religion Studies, University of Johannesburg, South Africa


In his influential 1987 monograph, Kloppenborg identified three layers in the Sayings Gospel Q: the ‘formative stratum’ (or Q¹), the ‘main redaction’ (or Q²), and the ‘final recension’ (or Q³). He ascribed the cluster of sayings in Q 12:39–59 to the main redaction. Within this cluster appears the parable of the loyal and wise slave (Q 12:42–46). In my view, some portions of this parable actually originate with the formative stratum. The aim of the current article is to reconsider the redactional make-up of this parable by appealing to Kloppenborg’s own criteria for distinguishing between Q1 and Q2, including those of ‘characteristic forms’, ‘characteristic motifs’ and ‘implied audience’.


Sayings Gospel Q; Parable; Faithful Slave; Formative Stratum; Main Redaction; Stratigraphy; Kloppenborg; Stratification


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