Original Research

Men battering as the new form of domestic violence? A pastoral care perspective from the Kenyan context

Julius Gathogo
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 71, No 3 | a2795 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.2795 | © 2015 Julius Gathogo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 July 2014 | Published: 22 May 2015

About the author(s)

Julius Gathogo, Kenyatta University, Mombasa Campus, Kenya; Research Fellow, Research Institute for Theology and Religion, University of South Africa, South Africa


The article sets out to show that gender-based violence is no longer restricted to ‘women by men’. Rather society must appreciate that gender battering is a reality across the gender divide, particularly in the 21st century Africa. In its methodology, the article has engaged a theo-philosophical approach that involves a social, religious, and a cultural analytical approach. The materials are gathered primarily after interviewing the staff and students from Kenyatta University, Mombasa Campus, and some selected people from the campus surroundings who were consulted orally. To this end, a questionnaire was released in June and July 2012 where about 200 respondents from across the various counties of Kenya were called upon to shed light on men battering in Kenya. In particular, some of the questions that were posed included: Has battering of men by women been part of our African societies from ancient times or is it a new phenomenon? Statistically, who are battered more men or women? How does domestic violence against men manifest itself? What causes it? Why does it sound new to our society? What can we do about it? The article rests on the premise that even though battering of women is more explicit, men battering by women, which takes many forms, has been there for quite some time, albeit unreported. By taking a holistic approach hence ‘collective responsibility’ across the gender divide, the society can be healed from all forms of gender-based violence.




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