Original Research - Special Collection: Foundation subjects, Old and New Testament Studies

Crucifixion at Qumran

Ananda Geyser-Fouche
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 70, No 1 | a2775 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v70i1.2775 | © 2014 Ananda Geyser-Fouche | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 June 2014 | Published: 20 November 2014


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Abstract

When the last texts of Qumran cave 4 were published, another text that refers to crucifixion came to the fore, namely 4Q524 14:1–6, part of which is verbatim the same as 11QTª 64:6–13. Both texts add to the Pentateuchal text by giving the reason why persons were hanged. Therefore I will compare these two texts with each other, but also with their Pentateuchal parallels Deuteronomy 21:18–23, 22:1–2 and 22:11. I will attempt to explain the differences against the social text, by studying the crucifixion and/or hanging practices of neighbouring cultures (social text) and by reading these two texts against the fragmented text of 4QpNahum 3–4 I:7–8, which is a Qumran text that deals with execution.

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