Original Research

(Re)discovering a missional-incarnational ethos

Jacobus Kok, Cornelius J.P. Niemandt
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 65, No 1 | a274 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v65i1.274 | © 2009 Jacobus Kok, Cornelius J.P. Niemandt | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 30 May 2009 | Published: 19 November 2009

About the author(s)

Jacobus Kok, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Cornelius J.P. Niemandt, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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In this article, a few of the elements and dynamics of social movements will be explored. It will be argued that the traditional institutional church is in a critical period in the cycle of movements, where the need for the (re)discovery of our missional-incarnational ethos and the theology of restoration might energise the church to (re)activate the dynamics of movements. The narrative of Jesus and the Samaritan woman in John 4 will be investigated as an example of Jesus’s missionalincarnational ethos and of the relation to a theology of restoration. Finally, some challenges for the church with regard to ecclesiology, spirituality and leadership will be proposed.


ecclesiology; healing and restoration; organic movement; spirituality; transformational ethos social movement; socioreligious brokenness


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1. Mission as breaking down walls, opening gates and empowering traders: From contextualisation to deep contextualisation
Cornelius J.P. Niemandt
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies  vol: 73  issue: 1  year: 2017  
doi: 10.4102/hts.v73i1.4621