Original Research - Special Collection: Foundation subjects, Old and New Testament Studies

Messianic and Christological interpretation in Išô`Dâdh of Merw’s Commentary on Ezekiel

Herculaas (Herrie) F. van Rooy
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 70, No 1 | a2691 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v70i1.2691 | © 2014 Herculaas (Herrie) F. van Rooy | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 16 April 2014 | Published: 20 November 2014


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Abstract

In agreement with his East Syriac heritage, Išô`dâdh’s commentary on Ezekiel does not contain any direct messianic interpretations. There are, however, interpretations that link the text to Christ or are of importance for Išô`dâdh’s Christology. As far as Christology is concerned, his interpretation of Ezekiel 1:27–28 is important, where he rejects interpretations related to the two natures of Christ. The interpretation of Theodoret of Cyrus is especially relevant in this regard, but also others, such as Gregory. In addition to this, in some instances Išô`dâdh sees a double meaning in a text or a typological reference. These texts receive attention in this paper, with special attention to Išô`dâdh’s exegesis of Ezekiel 1 and 47. In his interpretation of Ezekiel 1, he looks in the first place at the time of the prophet, for example in referring to different interpretations of the living creatures and their faces, such as the four regions of the world, the four seasons, the four elements or kings of Babylonia, of the Medes, the Persians and the Greeks. It can, however, also refer to Christ, with the four creatures representing the Gospels. The river of Ezekiel 47 is also linked to the dispensation of the New Testament. These texts are studied in detail in this paper, especially in comparison to the interpretation of Theodoret.

Keywords

Ezekiel; Išô`dâdh; Messianic and Christological interpretation

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