Original Research

A clash of symbolic universes: Judeanism vs Hellenism

Markus Cromhout
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 63, No 3 | a249 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v63i3.249 | © 2007 Markus Cromhout | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 07 May 2007 | Published: 07 May 2007

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Markus Cromhout, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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Abstract

This article investigates how Judeans responded to Hellenism in order to maintain the integrity of their ethnic identity. Judeanism and Hellenism are regarded as alternative “symbolic universes”. It is shown that Judeans used various approaches to maintain their symbolic universe. This included Berger and Luckmann’s notions of theology, nihilation and therapy, but also accommodation, adapt-ation, appropriation of Hellenistic elements, collective opposition (or ethnicism) and a reinforcement of primordial sentiments.

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