Original Research

The identification and examination of the elements that caused a schism in the Johannine community at the end of the first century CE

Dirk van der Merwe
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 63, No 3 | a234 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v63i3.234 | © 2007 Dirk van der Merwe | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 May 2007 | Published: 07 May 2007

About the author(s)

Dirk van der Merwe, University of South Africa, South Africa

Full Text:

PDF (195KB)


A group of people within the Johannine community (2:18) contributed towards destroying the fellowship of this community. Because 1 and 2 John do not provide direct evidence of the identities of the community’s heretically inclined members, they are defined in different ways by different scholars. A search for socio-religious circumstances which contribute towards determin-ing the opponents and adherents of the author which created the agenda for the reconstruction of the phenomena that caused this schism. The nature of the schism comprises “Pneumatological,” “Christological” and “ethical” issues encoded in the polemical language of slogans, dialectic discourse, confessions and denials. The schism in 1 John proves to be a matter of different interpretations of a shared tradition.


No related keywords in the metadata.


Total abstract views: 3218
Total article views: 2360

Crossref Citations

No related citations found.